Why Aristotle is called the Father of Political Science

Why Aristotle is called the Father of Political Science: Complete Guide

Aristotle is often referred to as the “Father of Political Science” due to his groundbreaking contributions to the study of politics and governance. His work, particularly in his famous treatise “Politics,” laid the foundation for systematic inquiry into political theory and practice.

Here are some reasons why Aristotle earned this title:

  • Systematic Analysis: Aristotle’s “Politics” is one of the earliest systematic works on political science. He approached politics with a methodical and analytical mindset, dissecting various forms of government, their strengths, weaknesses, and the conditions for their success or failure.
  • Classification of Governments: Aristotle classified different forms of government based on the number of rulers and whether the rulers governed in the interests of all or for their own benefit. He identified forms such as monarchy, aristocracy, and democracy, providing a framework for understanding political systems that influenced subsequent thinkers for centuries. Read about Why is Plato Called the Father of Politics
  • Exploration of Political Institutions: Aristotle examined various political institutions, such as the constitution, law, and citizenship, and their roles in governing societies. He delved into the mechanics of governance, offering insights into how institutions function and interact within different political contexts.
  • Emphasis on Ethics and Virtue: Aristotle emphasized the importance of ethics and virtue in politics. He argued that the aim of political communities should be the cultivation of human flourishing and moral excellence, stressing the role of virtuous leadership in creating just and stable societies.
Aristotle As Father Of Political Science
Aristotle As Father Of Political Science
  • Influence on Western Political Thought: Aristotle’s ideas profoundly influenced Western political thought, shaping the works of subsequent philosophers, theorists, and statesmen. His concepts of justice, equality, citizenship, and the rule of law continue to inform contemporary debates and practices in political science. Discover about What is Political Theory

Overall, Aristotle’s comprehensive exploration of politics, combined with his enduring influence on subsequent thinkers, earns him the title of the “Father of Political Science.” His contributions laid the groundwork for the discipline and continue to shape our understanding of politics and governance to this day.

Early Life and Background

Aristotle was born in 384 BC in Stagira, a small town in northern Greece. At the age of 17, he moved to Athens to study at Plato’s Academy, where he was deeply influenced by the teachings of his mentor, Plato. However, Aristotle’s approach to philosophy diverged from Plato’s idealism, leading to their philosophical disagreements. Learn about What is Procedural Democracy

Influence of Plato

During his time at the Academy, Aristotle studied under Plato for nearly twenty years. While Plato emphasized the existence of abstract Forms as the basis of reality, Aristotle took a more empirical approach, focusing on observable phenomena and empirical evidence. Despite their differences, Aristotle’s early education under Plato shaped his philosophical inquiries and laid the groundwork for his later works.

Contributions to Political Science

Aristotle’s most significant contributions to political science can be found in his works, particularly in “Politics” and “Nicomachean Ethics.” In these texts, Aristotle explores various aspects of governance, ethics, and the organization of society. He delves into the nature of justice, the role of the state, and the best forms of government.

Classification of Governments

One of Aristotle’s notable contributions is his classification of governments into different types based on who rules and for what purpose. He identifies six forms of government: monarchy, aristocracy, polity, tyranny, oligarchy, and democracy. Aristotle analyzes the strengths and weaknesses of each system and proposes that a polity, a mixture of democracy and oligarchy, is the most stable form of government.

The Concept of Polity

Aristotle’s concept of polity, or constitutional government, is central to his political philosophy. He argues that a polity is characterized by a balance of power between the rich and the poor, the rulers and the ruled. In a well-governed polity, laws are just, and decisions are made for the common good rather than the interests of a particular class.

Ethics and Politics

Aristotle believed that ethics and politics were intimately connected. He argued that the aim of politics is to cultivate virtue and promote human flourishing. In his view, a good society is one in which citizens are virtuous and actively participate in the political process.

Legacy and Influence

Aristotle’s ideas have had a profound and lasting impact on political theory and governance. His works have been studied and debated for centuries, shaping the development of Western political thought. His emphasis on the importance of the rule of law, the balance of power, and the cultivation of virtue continues to resonate in contemporary discussions on politics and ethics.

 father of political science
father of political science

Criticisms and Relevance Today

Despite his enduring legacy, Aristotle’s political ideas have not been without criticism. Some scholars have accused him of elitism and justifying inequality, while others argue that his views are outdated in the modern context. However, many of Aristotle’s insights remain relevant today, particularly his emphasis on the importance of moderation, virtue, and the pursuit of the common good.


In conclusion, Aristotle’s enduring legacy as the “Father of Political Science” stems from his profound insights into governance, ethics, and society. His works continue to inspire scholars and policymakers alike, serving as a timeless resource for understanding the complexities of politics and the human condition.


  • Was Aristotle the first political philosopher?
    • While Aristotle is often referred to as the “Father of Political Science,” he was preceded by other ancient philosophers such as Plato and Socrates who also made significant contributions to political thought.
  • What is Aristotle’s most famous work on politics?
    • Aristotle’s most famous work on politics is “Politics,” in which he explores various forms of government, the nature of justice, and the ideal state.
  • Did Aristotle believe in democracy?
    • Aristotle believed in a form of democracy, but he also recognized its limitations and advocated for a mixed form of government known as polity.
  • How did Aristotle’s ideas influence modern political theory?
    • Aristotle’s ideas have had a profound influence on modern political theory, particularly in areas such as the rule of law, the balance of power, and the role of citizenship.
  • Why is Aristotle’s concept of virtue important in politics?
    • Aristotle believed that cultivating virtue is essential for good governance and the well-being of society. His emphasis on virtue informs his ideas on the role of ethics in politics.
Previous articleHow to Format an SD Card on Mac?
Next articleWhat is B2B and B2C Sales: Complete Guide
Welcome to LosAngelesTimez.com! I am Joseph the author and journalist shaping the narrative on this news platform with four years of extensive experience in news journalism. At LosAngelesTimez, my commitment is to provide our readers with timely, accurate, and insightful news coverage. Drawing from a background rooted in journalistic integrity, I aim to bring you comprehensive stories that reflect the vibrant spirit of Los Angeles and beyond.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here